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Prostate Artery Embolization Side Effects

Author Bryant Schmitz covers Prostate Artery Embolization Side Effects on BackTable VI

Bryant Schmitz • Jun 23, 2018 • 2.9k hits

Prostate artery embolization side effects are uncommon and generally mild, but interventional radiologists should be prepared to navigate exceptional cases of complications. Prostate artery embolization (PAE) expert Dr. Ari Isaacson discusses his experiences with acute urinary retention and what side effects interventional radiologists should expect after a successful prostate artery embolization.

We’ve provided the highlight reel in this article, but you can listen to the full podcast below.

The BackTable Brief

• Acute urinary retention is frequently cited as the most common prostate artery embolization side effect, but this finding might be overrepresented by studies in China. Acute urinary retention seems to be a less common complication in the US, Europe, and South America. Dr. Isaacson only sees acute urinary retention when a patient is high risk prior to treatment.

• Dr. Isaacson cites ‘post-PAE syndrome’ as the most common PAE prostate complication. Post-PAE syndrome can collectively describe symptoms of urinary urgency, urinary frequency, dysuria, pressure in the pelvis, and/or pain in the pelvis.

• Other less common PAE side effects include hematuria, hematochezia, and hematospermia.

Prostate artery embolization side effects

Table of Contents

(1) Acute Urinary Retention: Less Common

(2) Post-PAE Syndrome: More Common

Acute Urinary Retention: Less Common

[Michael Barraza]
Of course we don't have time to get into all the complications, but focusing on acute urinary retention, which appears to be the most common, when do you see this, and how do you manage it?

[Ari Isaacson]
I would say that I don't see acute urinary retention ... Are you talking about post-PAE?

[Michael Barraza]
Yes.

[Ari Isaacson]
Okay. I would say that I don't see it quite that often. All of the Chinese studies tend to report acute urinary retention at a higher rate than the studies out of Europe and US and South America. I think it's because they tend to use smaller particles, and they also tend to hospitalize their patients for several days, or a week, after the procedure. I'm not sure what the hospitalization has to do with it. It may just be the smaller particles.

I only see acute urinary retention when patients are already kind of on the brink of it. For example, if they've already had two or three episodes of needing a catheter to urinate. I'm very concerned about that patient, and I'll usually catheterize that patient ahead of time. The rest of the patients I don't catheterize.

If we have a patient like that, that is either in acute urinary retention, or has had several episodes of it previously, we'll place a Foley ahead of time. Then, we have the patient follow up, probably two weeks after the procedure, if that's acceptable to them. Sometimes they want to come back a week afterward, which I think they're probably less likely to pass a Trial of Void at that point, but I try to accommodate their needs as best I can.

So either a week, or two weeks after the procedure, we do a Trial of Void. If it doesn't come out, then they come back two weeks later, and we try again. That's kind of how we go until we get the catheter out.

Listen to the Full Podcast

Prostate Artery Embolization with Dr. Ari Isaacson and Dr. Sandeep Bagla on the BackTable VI Podcast)
Ep 17 Prostate Artery Embolization with Dr. Ari Isaacson and Dr. Sandeep Bagla
00:00 / 01:04

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Post-PAE Syndrome: More Common

[Michael Barraza]
What do you tend to see more frequently?

[Ari Isaacson]
I would say the most common thing you're going to see, is what I would consider post-PAE syndrome, which would include urinary urgency, frequency, some degree of dysuria, some patients will have some degree of pressure or pain in the pelvis. Those are probably the most frequent things. The other things that you will see sometimes, rarely, or not as frequently as those others, is hematuria, hematochezia, hematospermia, and that's pretty much it. That's the great thing about this procedure, is that the side effects are pretty mild, and rare.

Podcast Contributors

Dr. Ari Isaacson discusses Prostate Artery Embolization on the BackTable 17 Podcast

Dr. Ari Isaacson

Dr. Ari Isaacson is a practicing interventional radiologist with the UNC Department of Radiology in North Carolina.

Dr. Sandeep Bagla discusses Prostate Artery Embolization on the BackTable 17 Podcast

Dr. Sandeep Bagla

Dr. Sandeep Bagla is a practicing interventional radiologist with the Vascular Institute of Virginia and the president of Prostate Centers USA.

Dr. Michael Barraza discusses Prostate Artery Embolization on the BackTable 17 Podcast

Dr. Michael Barraza

Dr. Michael Barraza is a practicing interventional radiologist (and all around great guy) with Radiology Associates in Baton Rouge, LA.

Cite This Podcast

BackTable, LLC (Producer). (2017, November 18). Ep. 17 – Prostate Artery Embolization [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from https://www.backtable.com

Disclaimer: The Materials available on BackTable.com are for informational and educational purposes only and are not a substitute for the professional judgment of a healthcare professional in diagnosing and treating patients. The opinions expressed by participants of the BackTable Podcast belong solely to the participants, and do not necessarily reflect the views of BackTable.

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