top of page

BackTable / Urology / Topic / Condition

Pelvic Floor Dysfunction

Pelvic floor dysfunction occurs with abnormal activity of pelvic floor musculature and is associated with hypertonicity, hypotonicity, and inappropriate coordination of pelvic floor muscles. A combination of urologic, gynecologic, and colorectal conditions can contribute to pelvic floor dysfunction. Common concerns of pelvic floor dysfunction include difficult urination, urinary incontinence, cystocele, and uterine, vaginal, or rectal prolapse. Other conditions include dyspareunia, constipation, pelvic pain, and proctalgia fugax. Pelvic muscular pain may result from posture, gait, and skeletal asymmetry, and pelvic floor dysfunction may be a side effect of a spinal nerve or lower back injury, a degenerative neuromuscular disease, or atrophic vaginitis.

Pelvic Floor Dysfunction Condition Overview

Learn more on the BackTable Urology Podcast

BackTable is a knowledge resource for physicians by physicians. Get practical advice on Pelvic Floor Dysfunction and how to build your practice by listening to the BackTable Urology Podcast, reading exclusing BackTable Articles, and following the work of our Contributors.

Ep 133 Management of Pelvic Pain as a Urologist: How Can We Help? with Dr. Priyanka Gupta
00:00 / 01:04

Earn CME

Reflect on how this Podcast applies to your day-to-day and earn free AMA PRA Category 1 CMEs. Follow the button below to claim your credits on CMEfy.

BackTable CMEfy button

Stay Up To Date



Sign Up:

Pelvic Floor Dysfunction Diagnosis

A general, urologic, gynecologic, and colorectal history of the patient should be reviewed for pelvic floor dysfunction diagnosis. Voiding, defecation, pain, and dietary diaries are useful in the evaluation of a patient’s symptoms. The physical exam for pelvic floor dysfunction diagnosis may include visual inspection, cotton swab test, speculum exam, bimanual exam, and rectal digital exam. In addition to the physical exams, other areas should be evaluated. This includes pelvic floor contraction, anal sensation, palpation of urogenital triangle, and digital palpation fo pelvic floor muscles.

Pelvic Floor Dysfunction Podcasts

Listen to leading physicians discuss pelvic floor dysfunction on the BackTable Urology Podcast. Get tips, tricks, and expert guidance from your peers and level up your practice.

Episode #133


This week on BackTable Urology, Dr. Suzette Sutherland (University of Washington) and Dr. Priyanka Gupta (University of Michigan) discuss the multifactorial components that can contribute to pelvic pain and how urologists can approach treatment for this condition.

BackTable CMEfy button

Episode #4


Dr. Jose Silva talks with Urologist Dr. Yahir Santiago from UC San Diego Medical Center about the diagnosis and treatment of pelvic floor dysfunction in women.

BackTable CMEfy button

Pelvic Floor Dysfunction Treatment

Pelvic floor dysfunction can be managed with lifestyle modifications and medications. Pelvic floor exercises and core exercises along with decreasing alcohol and caffeine consumption are important behavioral changes for managing pelvic floor dysfunction. Medications such as topical vaginal estrogen, anticholinergics, or beta-3 agonists are used for treating an overactive bladder. Physical therapy and patient splinting are common forms of manipulating the pelvic floor to control pain and mobilization. When non-invasive measures fail to relieve pelvic floor dysfunction, cystoscopic intravesical injection of botox can be used to treat an overactive bladder. Surgical options vary with the anatomical prolapse of the patient. Colposuspension, sacrocolpopexy, rectopexy, and mid-urethral sling are surgical interventions that can be performed.

Pelvic Floor Dysfunction Articles

Read our exclusive BackTable Urology Articles for quick insights on pelvic floor dysfunction, provided by physicians for physicians.

Woman doing pelvic floor exercises for female incontinence treatment

Non-surgical options for female incontinence treatment are important for patients who don’t want to have surgery. They include anticholinergics, pessaries, bulking agents, and pelvic floor physical therapy.

Boston Scientific’s Advantage Fit sling device for TVT sling surgery

Bladder sling surgery is the most common type of surgery to treat female incontinence. This article explains the differences between different types of sling surgery including TOTs, TVTs, and mini-slings. Sling surgery recovery and restrictions after the surgery are also discussed.


[1] Grimes, W. R., & Stratton, M. (2021, July 1). Pelvic floor dysfunction. StatPearls [Internet]. Retrieved January 13, 2022, from

Disclaimer: The Materials available on are for informational and educational purposes only and are not a substitute for the professional judgment of a healthcare professional in diagnosing and treating patients. The opinions expressed by participants of the BackTable Podcast belong solely to the participants, and do not necessarily reflect the views of BackTable.



Management of Pelvic Pain as a Urologist: How Can We Help? with Dr. Priyanka Gupta on the BackTable Urology Podcast)
Management of Pelvic Floor Dysfunction with Dr. Yahir Santiago-Lastra and Dr. Jose Silva on the BackTable Urology Podcast)
Perfecting Rectal Spacer Placement for Optimal Care with Dr. Neil Taunk on the BackTable Urology Podcast)


Woman doing pelvic floor exercises for female incontinence treatment

Non-Surgical Treatment Options for Female Incontinence

Boston Scientific’s Advantage Fit sling device for TVT sling surgery

Bladder Sling Surgery Types, Techniques & Recovery


Dr. Priyanka Gupta on the BackTable Urology Podcast

Dr. Priyanka Gupta

Dr. Yahir Santiago-Lastra on the BackTable Urology Podcast

Dr. Yahir Santiago-Lastra

Related Topics

bottom of page