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Varicocele Embolization

Varicocele Embolization Procedure Prep

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Ep 102 Pelvic Congestion Syndrome Part 2: Technique and Follow-Up with Dr. Mark Meissner and Dr. Michael Cumming
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Pre-Procedure Prep

Indications

Varicocele with pain, testicular atrophy, and/or infertility.

Contraindications

• Competent internal spermatic vein valve.
• Non-symptomatic varicocele

Things to Check

• Prior imaging - US/MRI
• Sudden onset of any varicocele, or an isolated right varicocele should prompt imaging of the retroperitoneum to exclude an abdominal or renal mass.

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Listen to leading physicians discuss varicocele embolization on the BackTable VI Podcast. Get tips, tricks, and expert guidance from your peers and level up your practice.

Episode #102

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In Part 2 of their Pelvic Congestion Syndrome discussion, Dr. Mark Meissner and Dr. Michael Cumming get into their specific techniques, tips and tricks for embolization, and follow up care.

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Procedure Steps

Right Femoral or IJ Access

7 Fr. sheath from the groin, or 5 Fr if accessing from the neck.
Cannulate the left renal vein and internal spermatic vein.
Test the internal spermatic vein orifice for reflux under Valsalva with contrast injection.
Advance catheter or microcatheter (to avoid vasospasm) into the distal gonadal vein.
Can occlude the entire vein with coils, or a combination of coils, sotradecol, and/or Amplatzer plugs.
First coils placed at the level of the inguinal canal/superior pubic ramus.
Limit flow of sclerosant into the scrotum to avoid pampiniform plexus phlebitis via manual pressure or distal coil placement.

Post-Procedure

Outcomes

• Technical success in 90-97%
• Recurrence rate 2-12%

Potential Complications

• Left renal vein thrombosis
• Pampiniform plexus thrombophlebitis
• Treatment failure. Symptoms persist.

• Left renal vein thrombosis
• Pampiniform plexus thrombophlebitis
• Treatment failure. Symptoms persist.

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References

[1] Rogers, P., Roberts, A., & Wong, W. (2002). Pocket Radiologist: Interventional Top 100 Diagnoses (1st ed.). AMIRSYS.
[2] Halpern, J., Mittal, S., Pereira, K., Bhatia, S., & Ramasamy, R. (2016). Percutaneous embolization of varicocele: technique, indications, relative contraindications, and complications. Asian Journal of Andrology, 18(2), 234. https://www.ajandrology.com/article.asp?issn=1008-682X;year=2016;volume=18;issue=2;spage=234;epage=238;aulast=Halpern

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Pelvic Congestion Syndrome Part 2: Technique and Follow-Up with Dr. Mark Meissner and Dr. Michael Cumming on the BackTable VI Podcast)
New Tools to Treat Severe Distal Femoropopliteal Disease with Dr. John Rundback on the BackTable VI Podcast)

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