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Radial Access

Radial Access Procedure Prep

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BackTable is a knowledge resource for physicians by physicians. Get practical advice on Radial Access and how to build your practice by listening to the BackTable VI Podcast, reading exclusing BackTable Articles, and following the work of our Contributors.

Ep 148 Radial vs. Femoral for Prostate Artery Embolization with Dr. Blake Parsons
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Pre-Procedure Prep

Pre-Procedural Evaluation

• Evaluate circulation of ulnopalmar arch with modified Allen or Barbeau test
• Type D is only contraindication for radial access (some institutions forgo Barbeau test because of ulnar-palmar collateralisation)
• Is patient on dialysis or nearing dialysis and may need radial artery for potential access
• US to evaluate the size of the radial artery - 2 mm is reasonable minimal diameter

Left vs right radial artery
Left:
• Catheter will only cross left vertebral artery
• Extra working length of catheter
• Less chance of radial loop or difficult anatomy
Right:
• Can position arm by side which closely approximates femoral set up
• Helpful for neurointerventional procedures involving carotids or intracranial vasculature

Radial Access Podcasts

Listen to leading physicians discuss radial access on the BackTable VI Podcast. Get tips, tricks, and expert guidance from your peers and level up your practice.

Episode #148

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We talk with Dr. Blake Parsons about his approach to Radial vs. Femoral access for Prostate Artery Embolization for BPH, including patient selection, device considerations, and practice pearls.

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Episode #30

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Our interventional radiologist guest Dr. Aaron Fischman gets into the details of his technique, equipment and tips/tricks for transradial access, as well as its advantages in a variety of IR interventions.

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Episode #26

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Dr. Christopher Beck and Dr. Jason Iannuccilli discuss radial vs femoral access in IO procedures, including the pros and cons of both, and a very informative "how I do it" for radial access by Dr. Iannuccilli.

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Procedure Steps

Day of Procedure

• 30 mg of topical nitroglycerin to left wrist
• EMLA cream (lidocaine 2.5% and prilocaine 2.5%) to left wrist
• Apply 30 minutes prior to procedure and cover with tegaderm

Position

• Wrist extended with palm facing up
• Arm abducted vs adducted - operator preference
Access:
• 2 cm proximal to the radial styloid
• Puncture angle of ~ 30-45°
• Recommend a radial access kit: many products available.
• US guidance with single wall puncture using 21g needle
Insert 0.018" guidewire
Visualize wire with any signs of resistance
Important to use hydrophilic sheath - make sure sheath is wet to activate coating

Tips

• Dermatotomy typically unnecessary
• Do not overuse lidocaine. Can spasm radial artery
• Keep patient calm and room warm

Radial Cocktail

• Some operators do not use
• Many combinations of drugs: 2.5 mg verapamil, 200 µg of nitroglycerin, 3000 units heparin
• Hemodilution - draw up the radial cocktail in a 20 or 30 ml syringe and dilute the cocktail with arterial blood from recently placed sheath. Administer slowly during diastole.
• Consider securing sheath to wrist - can cut "X" in tegaderm and place over sheath

Radial Access Articles

Read our exclusive BackTable VI Articles for quick insights on radial access, provided by physicians for physicians.

Medical image of radial access

Transradial access (TRA) has been shown to improve discharge and recovery times when compared to transfemoral access, though complications may arise. TRA expert Dr. Aaron Fischman discusses complications related to radial access as well as ways to circumvent these problems in episode 30 of the BackTable podcast.

Radial closure device

Radial artery closure devices yield consistent performance to achieve hemostasis. Radial access expert Dr. Fischman discusses the patent hemostasis concept, differences between the various radial closure devices, and how to determine time to hemostasis in your patients.

Oximetry equipment used to prep for radial access

As TRA has become a regular practice for IRs, equipment and devices have become increasingly versatile to encompass a wide variety of IR procedures. Radial access expert Dr. Aaron Fischman discusses his prefered TRA equipment including catheters, sheaths, and closure devices, that increase his success when using TRA.

Radial access catheter insertion

In episode 30 of the BackTable podcast, radial access expert Dr. Aaron Fischman discusses how to integrate TRA into your practice, what constitutes a complete circulatory examination, and when to reconsider TRA and opt for alternative access sites.

Radial access patient undergoing liver treatment

Interventional radiologist Dr. Jason Iannuccilli covers patient selection, equipment, and step-by-step instructions to minimize complications and maximize technical success in oncologic embolization procedures.

Catheter lab set up for radial access

Many interventional radiologists still find the ergonomics of radial access to be awkward and even uncomfortable when performing oncologic embolization procedures. Dr. Jason Iannuccilli talks through his cath lab layout and the tricks he uses to be successful with radial access.

Interventionalist performing radial access in the cath lab

For many interventional oncologists, the decision to go femoral or radial is often a matter of prior experience and comfort with the technique. In our recent podcast, Dr. Jason Iannuccilli, Dr. Chris Beck, and Dr. Michael Barraza provide rationale on their preferred access method in oncologic embolization procedures, covering the pros and cons of both approaches, and the distinct advantages that radial access may provide. We’ve provided the highlight reel and some insightful quotes from our IR

Post-Procedure

Key Concept

• Patent hemostasis (non-occlusive) minimizes risk of radial artery occlusion

Sheath Removal

• Radial compression device following procedure: many products
• Tip: partially removing sheath 1-2 cm and place gauze proximal to access site: will allow room for compression band and wick away oozing during sheath removal/band placement
• Slowly inject air into band (usually ~15 ml) while removing sheath - confirm no oozing
• Remove 1 ml of air incrementally until oozing at access site occurs
• Inject 1-2 ml of air
• Confirm radial pulse is present following compression band placement - evaluate waveform

Deflation Protocol

• Radial compression device following procedure: many products
• Tip: partially removing sheath 1-2 cm and place gauze proximal to access site: will allow room for compression band and wick away oozing during sheath removal/band placement
• Slowly inject air into band (usually ~15 ml) while removing sheath - confirm no oozing
• Remove 1 ml of air incrementally until oozing at access site occurs
• Inject 1-2 ml of air
• Confirm radial pulse is present following compression band placement - evaluate waveform

Discharge Instructions

• No lifting above 2 lbs x 24 hours
• No strenuous activity x 24 hours
• Keep bandage on for at least 24 hours.
• Ok to shower, but do not submerge access site for 48 hours

Radial Access Demos

Watch video walkthroughs of radial access on the BackTable VI expanded content network.

References

[1] Scalise RFM, Salito AM, Polimeni A, et al. Radial Artery Access for Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions: Contemporary Insights and Novel Approaches. J Clin Med. 2019;8(10):1727. Published 2019 Oct 18. doi:10.3390/jcm8101727
[2] Ferrante G, Rao SV, Jüni P, et al. Radial Versus Femoral Access for Coronary Interventions Across the Entire Spectrum of Patients With Coronary Artery Disease: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Trials. JACC Cardiovasc Interv. 2016;9(14):1419‐1434. doi:10.1016/j.jcin.2016.04.014
[3] Bishay VL, Biederman DM, Ward TJ, et al. Transradial Approach for Hepatic Radioembolization: Initial Results and Technique. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2016;207(5):1112‐1121. doi:10.2214/AJR.15.15615
[4] Fischman AM, Swinburne NC, Patel RS. A Technical Guide Describing the Use of Transradial Access Technique for Endovascular Interventions. Tech Vasc Interv Radiol. 2015;18(2):58‐65. doi:10.1053/j.tvir.2015.04.002
[5] BackTable, LLC (Producer). (2018, April 4). Ep 26 – Radial vs. Femoral Access in IO Procedures [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from https://www.backtable.com/shows/vi
[6] BackTable, LLC (Producer). (2018, June 27). Ep 30 – Transradial Access: Basic to Advanced [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from https://www.backtable.com/shows/vi

Disclaimer: The Materials available on https://www.BackTable.com are for informational and educational purposes only and are not a substitute for the professional judgment of a healthcare professional in diagnosing and treating patients. The opinions expressed by participants of the BackTable Podcast belong solely to the participants, and do not necessarily reflect the views of BackTable.

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Podcasts

Radial vs. Femoral for Prostate Artery Embolization with Dr. Blake Parsons on the BackTable VI Podcast)
Transradial Access: Basic to Advanced with Dr. Aaron Fischman on the BackTable VI Podcast)
Radial vs. Femoral Access in IO Procedures with Dr. Jason Iannuccilli on the BackTable VI Podcast)
New Tools to Treat Severe Distal Femoropopliteal Disease with Dr. John Rundback on the BackTable VI Podcast)

Articles

Medical image of radial access

Minimizing Complications During Radial Access Procedures

Radial closure device

Radial Closure Devices

Oximetry equipment used to prep for radial access

Choosing the Right Equipment for Radial Access Success

Contributors

Dr. Aaron Fischman on the BackTable VI Podcast

Dr. Aaron Fischman

Dr. Jason Iannuccilli on the BackTable VI Podcast

Dr. Jason Iannuccilli

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